Whilst most singers can sing the majority of songs easily with some practice, there are certain different “types” of voice. If you are able to determine what type of singing voice you have, then you will be able to practice certain songs that will come more naturally to you than others.
This is something that almost every singer wants to discover, but unfortunately it can be rather complex to figure out exactly what the specifics are when it comes to understanding whether your singing voice is Soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, or bass.
How to determine your voice type
Working out which voice type you naturally have, doesn´t just consist of taking a good look at your vocal range- you also need to examine certain other factors. Vocal tessitura and timbre are also equally as important. For example, a soprano and mezzo-soprano might possess the same vocal range, but those with mezzo-soprano voice types will usually have a lower tessitura and timbre.
Your vocal range consists of the notes that your voice can reach and the tessitura is the section of that range that you find easiest and most comfortable to sing. The timbre of your voice is what makes you unique as it focuses on the individual quality and texture.
Physical characteristics like the weight of your singing voice and your body type also surprisingly play a part in determining your voice type, this is mainly because a person’s physique will determine the role you will be auditioning for, especially when it comes to singing Opera. This video gives an excellent explanation of the different female voice types.
The Soprano voice type is the highest female one. Different types of soprano reflect different vocal agility, weight and timbre. One thing that most Sopranos have in common is that they can sing notes in the higher ranges with greater ease.
There is a myth amongst singers that the higher you can sing, the better a singer you are. This is simply not true, as your vocal range is defined by your physique and the other factors as outlined above, not by your professional ability to sing well.
The Mezzo-Soprano is the second highest type of female voice. In a chorus, the mezzo-soprano will usually sing along with the sopranos in harmony and when split in half, will sing the lower melody.
Whilst there are several more voice types, the Soprano and Mezzo-soprano are the main ones. However, many choir-masters wrongly classify the majority of women as Sopranos, which can be highly detrimental and even damaging to your voice.
If a young girl strains her voice to sing as low or high as she possibly can, then of course she is going to harm her vocal chords and possibly cause irreversible damage that will ruin her chances of singing success later in life. Any time you feel as though you are pushing your voice outside of your natural limits, then make sure to address this as soon as possible, otherwise it might be too late.